Vasectomy - A clean pass to a childfree life
A vasectomy is a permanent technique of birth control in men. It eliminates the presence of sperm in a man’s semen.
This surgery takes about 15-30 minutes and can be performed in the doctor’s office. It is an outpatient surgery that does not require the patient to stay in overnight.
The procedure of a vasectomy includes sealing the vas deferens that is attached to each testicle so as to prevent the transportation of semen from the testicles. Without semen, it is impossible for an egg to be fertilized and this procedure is aimed to serve that purpose. This does not alleviate the production of sperms in the testicles but only stops it from mixing with the semen. As each tube gets blocked, the person who has had a vasectomy ejaculates the same amount of fluid.
After the surgery has been done, the patient should get regular check-ups of his semen to track the presence of sperms. It usually takes several months or about twenty ejaculations before the semen is clear of all sperm. During this period, the couple should take some other form of birth control to prevent a pregnancy from taking place.
A Vasectomy Procedure
The procedure starts off by cleaning the scrotum and testicles of the patient and shaving it. An intravenous or oral medicine is given to the person to make him less anxious. This may make him sleepy, and he may be unable to remember the proceedings of the surgery. The doctor can locate each vas deferens by just a touch. The patient is given anesthesia during the surgery. It helps the person not feel pain.
If the conventional method is followed, the doctor makes two to three openings in the scrotum. By entering an opening, the doctor locates the vas deferens and seals or cuts it. Following this method, both the tubes are stitched, sealed or cut. The ends may be sealed with heat by using electrocautery. Scar tissue left behind from the surgery helps to block the tubes.
After this, the vas deferens is placed back into the scrotum, and all the openings are stitched back into place. The stitches do not need to be removed as they get dissolved. This procedure can be performed by a general doctor or a urologist.
Vasectomy and its Modern Techniques
The modern method of performing a vasectomy is by using the ‘no scalpel’ method. In this, a small clamp that has pointed ends is used. Alternative to a scalpel, this clamp is used to poke through the skin to create an opening. As this is a modern technique, it comes with added benefits of reduced bleeding, only one hole in the skin and lesser complications than the traditional method. This method is just as effectual as the conventional vasectomy.
Another method is the Vasclip implant procedure wherein the vas deferns is locked by using a Vasclip. The tubes in this surgery are not sealed or cut, and that reduces the probability of complications. Research and studies show that this method is not very effective.
Effectiveness of a Vasectomy
A vasectomy is performed to prevent a man from impregnating a woman. This is considered to be a permanent method of birth control in men. It is a technique that should only be considered if a man is completely sure that he does not want a child.
This is a very effective surgery, and the success rate is 99.85%. The chances of a woman getting pregnant after her partner has had a vasectomy are two in a thousand. This unplanned pregnancy may occur if the couple eliminates the use of birth control before the semen is clear of sperm count. Usually after a vasectomy, the patient gets his semen checked to assure that there is no presence of sperm.
Another reason for an unplanned pregnancy can be the spontaneous reconnection of any tube. Also, if a tube has not been closed properly, it allows the sperm to get infused with the semen. This blend of sperm and semen is why the process of vasectomy is done in the first place.
How Efficacious is a Vasectomy?
A vasectomy is known to be a very effective form of birth control. After the vasectomy, the patient should continue the use of birth control for some time until there is no sperm count in the semen. This process usually takes about 20 ejaculations in most cases.
In this period, the couple should use some other form of birth control so as not to enable a pregnancy. It is not compulsory that all men take the same amount of time to clear the sperm out of their semen. For this, men should get regular check-ups of their semen to know when they can avoid the use of birth control.
A health care provider will check the semen sample and inform you when you can eradicate all other forms of birth control. Until then the couples should remain very careful so that they do not get pregnant.
Vasectomy - Guaranteed Effectiveness
A vasectomy is known to be effective 99.85%, which is as good as a 100%. In every case, the effectiveness of a vasectomy is not shown immediately after the procedure has been carried out. As mentioned earlier, the proper protocol needs to be followed to assure that sperm count has reduced to zero. During this time, the patient and his partner should opt for any other form of birth control and the vasectomy does not serve its purpose. As soon as the semen analysis proves the absence of sperm in the semen, the couple can eliminate using any other form of birth control, as the vasectomy will start to serve its purpose.
For a semen analysis, the patient needs to submit a sample of his semen to the doctor. This can be done either by masturbating or using a special type of condom during sexual intercourse. The sample is then analyzed under a microscope scrutinize the presence of sperm.
In rare cases, the tubes can grow back together and enable a pregnancy.